A claim for premises liability is generally based upon the duty of an owner or occupier of real property to exercise reasonable care to maintain the property in a reasonably safe condition. The duty is owed to persons who are lawfully on the property, as opposed to trespassers. To establish a claim, a person generally must show that the owner or occupier knew or should have known of a dangerous condition, and that he or she suffered a personal injury as a result of a failure to remedy the condition or otherwise protect against the danger posed by the condition.
A claim for premises liability generally must be brought within three years of the date on which the claim accrues.
[Sources: Douglas C. Melcher, Tort Claims and Defenses in the District of Columbia § 13 (2014), and legal authorities cited therein.]