A claim for fraudulent misrepresentation – also known as common law fraud – generally requires showing that a person knowingly made a false statement in reference to a material fact with the intention of deceiving another person and that the other person took action in reasonable reliance upon the statement and thereby suffered damages. A fraud claim must be pled with particularity and proven by clear and convincing evidence.
A victim of fraudulent misrepresentation may recover compensatory damages for pecuniary loss as well as other damages. Punitive damages may also be available in especially egregious cases.
A claim for fraudulent misrepresentation generally must be brought within three years of the date on which the claim accrues.
[Sources: Douglas C. Melcher, Tort Claims and Defenses in the District of Columbia § 23 (2014), and legal authorities cited therein.]