A claim against a seller of a defective product may be based upon the principles of strict liability. Such a claim generally requires showing that the seller was engaged in the business of selling the product; that the product was defective; that the seller expected the product to reach consumers without any substantial changes; and that the defect caused the victim to suffer personal injury or property damage. A product may be defective due to a manufacturing defect, an absence of sufficient warnings or instructions, or an unsafe design.
A strict liability claim for a defective product generally must be brought within three years of the date on which the claim accrues.
[Sources: Douglas C. Melcher, Tort Claims and Defenses in the District of Columbia § 15 (2014), and legal authorities cited therein.]