Breach of Confidential Relationship
A claim for breach of confidential relationship requires showing an unconsented, unprivileged disclosure to a third person of non-public information that a person learned through his or her confidential relationship with another person. A confidential relationship may exist, for example, between a doctor and his or her patient.
A victim of breach of confidential relationship may recover compensatory damages, including for pecuniary losses and emotional distress. Punitive damages may also be available in especially egregious cases.
[Sources: Douglas C. Melcher, Tort Claims and Defenses in the District of Columbia § 27 (2014), and legal authorities cited therein.]